How Saliva Keeps Your Mouth Healthy
Saliva is a clear liquid that is present in the mouth of animals. It has different roles on the mouth of human beings. Saliva lubricates the mouth, the tongue, the teeth and therefore keeps them healthy. It contains enzymes that star that digestion process. Saliva also moisturize and soften the food making it easy to chew and swallow. It contains healthy substances that protect the teeth from bacteria and virus infections. When the food substances are softened, mechanical injury to the mouth is prevented. When it comes to the role of keeping the mouth healthy, the amount of saliva is very important.
Saliva is produced by saliva glands located in the mouth. There are six major saliva glands and several other small glands. The optimal amounts of saliva cannot be calculated as specific unit as various factors comes into play. Each person is unique and the optimal levels of saliva with vary from person to the other. Having a well moisturized mouth is the most reliable measure of adequate saliva content. Dry mouth is the condition that develops when one cannot produce adequate amounts of saliva. The dry mouth can make someone uncomfortable. Loss of taste senses can help due to dry mouth. Both the salivary glands and taste glands influence each other. If less saliva is produced, the taste glands will find it difficult to discern tastes. If the taste glands are not fully functional, dry mouth may develop.
With a dry mouth, one can easily develop infections. Saliva fights a variety of bacteria and virus by keeping the mouth environment slightly alkaline. Bacteria and virus finds an environment that does not have a dry mouth very friendly. As they multiply, they increased the rate of teeth decay and periodontal diseases. The salivary is very important in removal of food partials from the teeth. There is increased chances of food particles sticking to the teeth for dry mouth. A combination of pathogens and trapped food jeopardize the health of your mouth. Foul smell also develops to persons with dry mouth.
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It is, therefore, important to ensure that you have adequate saliva. The best way to ensure that you have adequate saliva is to take enough water. Too much of alcohol and diuretics should be avoided. You should talk with your doctor about the medication you take since some might be contributing to dry mouth. If the natural solutions are not working, you can take the artificial saliva. This is a clear liquid meant to keep your mouth moist and healthy. The liquid does not, however, contain enzymes and proteins.
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Excess saliva is not a problem to many people. This is due to the fact that excess saliva is easily swallowed without effort.